What is Arthritis?
Arthritis refers to a range of conditions that involve pain, inflammation , stiffness or swelling in a joint or joints. There are hundreds of different types of Arthritis , here are the 5 most common types of Arthritis.
The most common form of arthritis. This condition is usually caused by “wear and tear”. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the end of the bones wear down over time. It mostly affects your hands , hips , knees and spine.
RA is an autoimmune disease, where your immune system attacks parts of the body including the joints. This leads to inflammations which can cause severe joint damage when left untreated. This condition can also affect other body systems such as the skin, lungs , heart and eyes. Unlike Osteoarthritis, RA affects the lining of the joints. This causes a painful swelling that can eventually result in bone erosion and joint deformity.
This condition causes inflammation to the skin and joints. This form of arthritis affects people with Psoriasis. A skin disease that causes rash with itchy scaly patches. Main symptoms are joint pain , stiffness and swelling. Affecting parts of the body such as the knees, scalp, fingertips or spine. Ranging from mild to severe, treatment is aimed at keeping symptoms under control and preventing joint damage as there is no cure.
Gout is a type of inflammatory arthritis that can cause painful swelling in joints. Caused by a buildup of uric acid crystals in a joint. Characterized by sudden attacks of pain, swelling and tenderness in one or more joints, commonly found in the big toe. An attack can occur suddenly, putting one at risk of waking up in the middle of the night from the pain.
A type of spondyloarthritis that causes pain and swelling, mainly around the joints of the spine. In this condition the body creates more of the mineral calcium in response to the inflammation around the spine. This creates an excess that can make new bits of bone grow in the spine, causing pain and stiffness.
Symptoms of Athritis
Arthritis can really affect your quality of life by causing pain and decreasing your mobility. The symptoms of arthritis can vary from day to day, week to week.
Most symptoms of Arthritis involve the joints, depending on the type of arthritis, signs and symptoms may include:
- Decrease range of motion
Causes for Arthritis
There are a few factors that may increase your risk of developing Arthritis. Understanding these factors may help decrease your chances of developing Arthritis.
Risk factors include:
- Your sex: Women are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis while men are at higher risk of developing gout.
- Age: The risk of many types of arthritis ( E.g Osteoarthritis, Gout, Rheumatoid Arthritis) increases with age.
- Old joint injuries: People who have injured their joints before are at higher risk of developing Arthritis.
- Unhealthy Weight: An excess of weight puts unnecessary stress on your joints such as your knees, hips and spine. People with obesity are at higher risk of developing arthritis.
- Family history: Some types of arthritis are passed on through genes. So you may be at a higher risk of developing types of arthritis when your family members have had it.
- Work: Repetitive heavy lifting can prove bad for your joints. Jobs that require you to carry out such physical activity on a day to day increases your risk of developing osteoarthritis. Jobs such as farmer, cleaner, builder, construction.
Preventions & Precaution
Prevention is always better than cure. As such, here are a few factors you may take into consideration to help prevent yourself from developing Arthritis.
Avoiding tobacco products.
Quitting smoking does not only lower your risk of heart and lung conditions, but also help prevent Arthritis. Researchers found that male smokers are twice as likely to develop Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). Female smokers are 1.3 times more likely to develop RA. Compared to their non-smoker counterparts. Because smoking promotes inflammation throughout the body. It is believed that risk increases because RA affects the way the immune system works.
Doing low-impact, non-weight bearing exercises.
Exercises like this include swimming and cycling. These cardio activities help get your blood pumping to burn off excess fats without risking unhealthy pressure applied to the joints. It is recommended to do any of the exercises for 30minutes, 4 to 5 days a week.
Maintaining a healthy body weight.
Exercise helps you lose and maintain a healthy weight. Taking away the unhealthy pressure on your joints and strengthens the muscles around it. This increases your joint’s longevity as it helps stabilize and protect your joints from wear and tear.
Always do your warm ups and stretches before and after any exercise so you may avoid injuries.
Stretching is necessary to a person’s mobility and helps counter stiffness and/or weakness in muscle and joints. It is recommended to stretch for 4 to 5 days a week in sets of 15 seconds. You can also stretch in the morning after you wake up to start your day ,other than before or after exercise. Engaging in Pilates, Yoga or regular stretching can also help lower the risk of any injuries during exercise.
Protect your joints by wearing guards or sleeves.
A knee brace may help support your knee from the unhealthy pressure on your joints that may be affected by osteoarthritis. This helps relieve pain and prevent your knee from buckling, lowering the risk of further injury. Certain types of braces are compressive and can help with swelling as it hugs the joint to reduce swelling.
Use proper techniques when lifting heavy loads.
Especially when done in repetition, using the proper techniques to lift heavy loads will help lower risk of injury and development of conditions like Osteoarthritis. Lifting with your hips and knees rather than your back when picking up objects is one such method. Another will be carrying objects nearer to your body so as to prevent excess strain on your wrist.
Treatments and Interventions
Our consultants will tailor a program specially for you by diving into understanding your lifestyle. From your circadian cycle, your diet to the physical demands of work that you go through. We will not only help you recover but also equip you with the tools necessary to prevent further aggravations in the future.
We will be able to provide therapy to correct anny muscle tension and joint restrictions while prescribing the right exercises to support recovery. Such exercise will be able to help create good habits for the patient, as well as educate them through first hand experience.
A clinically advanced non-invasive equipment This intervention helps patients with pain by reducing joint inflammations. Improving muscle imbalances and creating healthy circulations for your joints. It also helps loosen scarred tissue from chronic muscular conditions and injuries.
A deficiency in B12 can lead to muscle weakness and diminished reflexes. B12 helps aid the increase of metabolism on fat and amino acid. Helps with red blood cell formation that is essential to improving muscle mass for exercise. Supports bone health and prevents osteoporosis. Help the brain by preventing loss of neurons. Supports healthy hair, skin and nails while improving cardiac health.
The administration of vitamin D may improve muscle strength and muscle mass. This will be useful for the prevention and further supports therapeutic intervention of sarcopenia. Vitamin D further increases muscle recovery and lowers risk of muscle damages.
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